And the tongue, &c.— St. James seems to have called the tongue of man a world of iniquity, in the same sense that we say "a world of riches,"—"a sea of trouble,"—"an ocean of delights." It is relatively small compared to the size of the ship, but with his hand on the wheel or tiller, the pilot can steer a mammoth ship, even in a strong wind.James’ poi… They a… A world of iniquity is an organism containing within itself all evil essence, which from it permeates the entire man. The image which seems to have been before the mind of the apostle was that of a torch which enkindles and burns everything as it goes along - a torch itself lighted at the fires of hell. Who can measure the evils which arise from scandal, and slander, and profaneness, and perjury, and falsehood, and blasphemy, and obscenity, and the inculcation of error, by the tongue? On the other hand, the concept of God's jealousy towards his people is a clear theme in the Old and New Testaments, for example, in Genesis 6:3-7; Exodus 20:5; Zechariah 1:14; Matthew 6:24; Romans 8:7; 1 John 2:15-17. If anyone does not stumble in word, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle the whole body. Κόσμος, primarily, means order, and is applied to the world or universe as an orderly system. These letters were sent out as circular epistles to be passed around and read in several … Perhaps some sought to be teachers so as to appear wise. Yet James writes that wisdom and understanding are to be shown by one's conduct, done in meekness. Some enjoy getting up in front and talking even when they are doing a poor job. Listening, Taking Action, and Avoiding Anger (James 1:19–21) Doers of the Word: Working for Those in Need (James 1:22–27) Discriminating Against the Poor and Currying Favor with the Rich (James 2:1–13) Faith and Work(s) (James 2:14–26) Taming the Tongue (James 3:1–12) Selfish Ambition and Submission to God (James … James Greeting. Three temptations “to smite with the tongue” are specially powerful of evil: viz., as a relief from passion, as a gratification of spite, as revenge for wrong. 4. The tongue is a fire — Which often produces a great conflagration; a world of iniquity — This is a metaphor of the same kind with a sea of troubles, a deluge of wickedness. Print All Text Print All Commentary . 15. among our members, that it defileth the whole body. Τροχός, (only here in New Testament), from τρέχω, to run, applies generally to anything round or circular which runs or rolls, as a wheel or sphere. It might be rendered hath its place. cit., p. 946. 1 a James, a servant 1 of God and b of the Lord Jesus Christ,. See the notes at Matthew 5:22. James has much in common with the Sermon on the Mount (Pr 16:27). We always regard such a man as corrupt to the core. "What shall be done to thee, thou false tongue? Who can gauge the amount of broils, and contentions, and strifes, and wars, and suspicions, and enmities, and alienations among friends and neighbors, which it produces? It is clear that he is steeped in the wisdom literature of the Old Testament Scriptures and also in the teaching of the Lord … The responsibility of the teacher (James 3:1) 2. The Greek word also (τροχός trochos) means "a wheel," or any thing made for revolving and running. James was a common name and there are several men called James inthe *New Testament. If James had been directed to the Diaspora, it most certainly would have included a section hailing Jesus Christ as the Messiah; but the addressees of this epistle were already Christians. Look also at ships: although they are so large and are driven by fierce winds, they are turned by a very small rudder wherever the pilot desires. The image is justified by the fact. revolving from birth, and is kindled of hell. James 3:1-12. There is nothing else pertaining to us as moral and intellectual beings, which exerts such an influence over ourselves as the tongue. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. We have also seen that it is not good to … he exposes the hypocrisy of speaking a word of blessing without doing anything to be a blessing. (c) It is able to set the whole world on fire. Faith tested by its production of self-control (James 3:1–18) A. (3) Indeed, we put bits in horses' mouths that they may obey us, and we turn their … Even so the tongue is a little member and boasts great things. Testing of Your Faith. James 3:6. The need for control over the tongue (James 3:3–6) 1. He wrote to the *Jewish Christians who had left *Israel tolive in other countries. To which purpose are those words of the Talmud F11; Proud member 3 Not many of you should become teachers, my fellow believers, because you know that we who teach will be judged more strictly. In one year's time the average person's words would fill 132 books, each containing 400 pages! The tongue is an unrighteous world among our members, staining the whole body, setting on fire the cycle of nature, and set on fire by hell. One naturally thinks, when this expression is used, of a chariot driven on with so much speed that its wheels by their rapid motion become self-ignited, and the chariot moves on amidst flames. is—literally, "is constituted." ((i) Otiot R. Aquiba in Ketoreth Hassammim in Gen. fol. The significance of a controlled tongue (James 3:1–2) 1. The meaning is, that a great collection of iniquity proceeds from the tongue. Only in this verse in New Testament. God holds us all accountable for what we have learned as well as how we instruct others. What better way to be heard as a believer than to be a teacher of the gospel? Every age of the world, and every condition of life, private or public, affords examples of this. James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. course of nature—"the orb (cycle) of creation.". a world of iniquity; that is, as the world is full of things, and full of sin, for it lies in wickedness, so is the tongue full of iniquity; there is a world of it in it; it abounds with it; it cannot well be said how much sin is in it, and done, or occasioned by it; as blasphemy against God, Father, Son, and Spirit; cursing of men, imprecations on themselves, their souls, and bodies, and on others, with a multitude of profane and dreadful oaths; obscene, filthy, and unchaste words; angry, wrathful, and passionate ones; lies, flatteries, reproaches, backbitings, whisperings, tale bearings And the Jews say, that he that uses an evil tongue multiplies transgression, and that it is equal to idolatry, adultery, and murder F8, and the cause of all sin; and which they express by way of fable, in this manner F9: So is the tongue amongst our members, that it defileth the whole body: the body politic, a whole nation, filling it with contention, strife, division, and confusion; and the ecclesiastical body, the church, by sowing discord, fomenting animosities, making parties, and spreading errors and heresies, whereby the temple of God is defiled; and the natural body, and the several members of it, even the whole person of a man, soul and body, bringing upon him a blot of infamy and reproach never to be wiped off; as for instance, the vice of the tongue, lying, does; and oftentimes through the tongue, the actions done in the body, which seem good, are quite spoiled: and setteth on fire the course of nature, or "wheel of nature": the natural body, as before, in which there is a continual rotation or circulation of the blood, by which it is supported; this is the wheel broken at the cistern at death, in ( Ecclesiastes 12:6 ) or the course of a man's life and actions, yea, of all generations, and the vicissitudes and changes which have happened in them, on which the tongue has a great influence; and so the Syriac version renders it, "and sets on fire the series of our genealogies, or our generations, which run like wheels": or it may intend the frame of nature, the whole fabric of the universe, and the general conflagration of it, which will be owing to the tongue; or because men's tongues are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his glory, because of the hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against Christ and his people, of which they will be convinced by flames of fire about them: and it is set on fire of hell; that is, by the devil; for as heaven sometimes is put for God, who dwells in heaven, ( Matthew 21:25 ) ( Luke 15:18 ) so hell is put for the devil, whose habitation it is; see ( Matthew 16:18 ) , and the sense is, that the tongue is influenced, instigated, and stirred up by Satan, to speak many evil things, and it will be hereafter set on fire in hell, as the tongue of the rich man in ( Luke 16:24 ) . 127. The man who has a slandering tongue, cannot … The tongue is in our members that which defileth the whole body, and setteth the world aflame, and is set on fire itself of Gehenna. The verb means to appoint, establish, institute, and is used of the tongue as having an appointed and definite place in a system (among our members). If then we would “walk in love” we must curb the tongue; but, better still, strive to cleanse the heart, and so be quite determined that nothing shall go forth but words of meekness and affection. James 3:6. many--The office is a noble one; but few are fit for it.Few govern the tongue well ( James … These verses are crucial for understanding the Gospel according to Mark as a whole and for fathoming what it means to be Christian. Who can number the evils produced by the "honeyed" words of the seducer; or by the tongue of the eloquent in the maintenance of error, and the defense of wrong? sub voce γένεσεως geneseōs. James begins with a piece of general advice that leads to his main discussion of the use of the tongue. Commentary on Isaiah 50:4-9a James 3:1–12 contains the single most sustained discussion in the New Testament on the use of the tongue. A bit is a relatively small instrument, but when you put it into a horse’s mouth, you can control the entire horse. We mean by it that it is an epitome of the world; that all that there is in the world is represented there on a small scale. Good quotes and illustrations - See example of an outline below 2. fol. To counter this common failure to practice self-criticism, James reminds us that we all fall short of what we should … It occupies a position and relation so important in respect to every part of our moral frame, that there is no portion which is not affected by it. What else is there that might, with so much propriety, be represented as a little world of iniquity? Nay, if we be truly Christ’s, though “reviled” by the unruly tongues of others, we shall, like Him, “revile not again” (1Peter 2:23). This differs a little from the simple is, though it is not easy to render it accurately. To c the twelve tribes in d the Dispersion:. If all men would speak only that which ought to be spoken, what a change would come over the face of human affairs! The evidence of the perfect man (James 3:2) B. See how great a forest a little fire kindles! James 2:14-26 James 3:1-5 James 3:6-12 James 3:13-18 James 4:1-10 James 4:11-17 James 5:1-6 James 5:7-12 James 5:13-15 James 5:16-20 : James 3:6-12 " 6 And the tongue is a fire. Greetings.. a sea of troubles, a deluge of wickedness. of hell—that is, of the devil. The tongue is so set among our member… 2. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Γενέσεως rendered nature, means origin, beginning, birth, manner of birth, production, and is used by Plato for the creation, or the sum of created things. A resource for the whole church from … of But his emphasis on consistently speaking blessings rather than mixing blessings and cursings grows … Indeed “there is no iniquity which an unbridled tongue is not … The first is experienced by hot tempered folk; the second yielded to by the malicious; the third welcomed by the otherwise weak and defenceless; and all of us at times are in each of these divisions. James 3:3 Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn … So is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body - It stains or pollutes the whole body. The voice of Thy thunder teas in the heaven, Thy lightnings lightened the world: Ἡ ΓΛῶΣΣΑ ΚΑΘΊΣΤΑΤΑΙ ἘΝ ΤΟῖς ΜΈΛΕΣΙΝ ἩΜῶΝ Ἡ ΣΠΙΛΟῦΣΑ ὍΛΟΝ ΤῸ ΣῶΜΑ, the tongue is that which defiles the whole body, inasmuch as being that which both inflames and is itself inflamed, being that which both inflames and is inflamed, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. I. Commentary on James 3:1-12 (Read James 3:1-12) We are taught to dread an unruly tongue, as one of the greatest evils. See on 2 Peter 2:13. Yet, James urges us to consider the … The next few messages from James are about choosing the right path and practicing godliness … By Rev Charles Seet. And as the whole body is the Lord’s to be sanctified to Him (1Corinthians 6:19 et seq. Lit., setting on fire. James 3:1. Commentary on James 3:1-12. I take the author of this little book to have been James, the half-brother of our Lord Jesus. James has indeed been talking about the tongue, and he is going to take the matter even farther in chapter 3. We must be doers of the Word, and not just hearers. Commentary on Mark 8:27-38. In James 1:23, as we have seen, πρόσωπον τῆς γενέσεως, is the face of his birth. A world of iniquity - A little world of evil in itself. James 3:1-12, The Power of the Tongue. The same thing is true of a ship’s rudder. 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